88 Freakin Question Packet Answers

Thursday, January 12, 2006

i suck and i dont know 78, 80,81, or 87... and 88 is a summary so it needs to be done on your own. sorry guys! but here is the rest. If you're really mad.. I'll amke it up to you. i promiseee.

79. in tenant share, the co owner had rights to the land and in sharecropping they didn't.

82. accept segregation and loss of voting rights in exchange for southern support of education and economic oppertunities.

83. black civil rights and equality, reconstruction ideas faded aftercompromise of 1877 and industrialization became the perogative.

84. A) Congreess couldnt legally enforce punishment on people displaying racism, it was unconstitutional.
B) seperate but equal. Facilities were constitutionally unclear about the equal protection clause of the 14 amendment.
C) allowed segregation in american schools, taxes only covered white schools, and not colored. Grandfather laws were hurdles set to over come black voting, however this could eliminate white votes so they allowed a saying "f your voted, so could you" except blacks.

86. various constitutional segregation laws that eforced the seperate but egual wau of thinking to make it seem fair.

#37-40

37. Congress passed the Reconstruction Act, which divided the South into five military districts, assigned a Union general and thousands of troops to each to control riots, and toughened readmission requirements.

38. scalawags; they wanted to preserve the Union

39. carpetbaggers; they came to the South seeking business opportunities

40. African Americans; they helped create the new state constitutions, and participated in state and local governments as governors, representatives, mayors, magistrates, sheriffs, and justices of the peace

Wednesday, January 11, 2006

#36, 41-44

36. white southerners opposed it while black southerners supported it

41. radical legislatures were successful with reforms, but many took advantage of blacks; crimes of Reconstruction governments were present both in North and South

42. emancipation meant education for blacks; not enough qualified black teachers so Northern white women were accepted; also turned to government for help

43. 1) they didn't think blacks had the right to be educated and 2) they didn't want blacks to rise above them and take part in Congress; whites strongly believed that only they should have an education, so they banned blacks from their schools

44. they were authorized to settle freedmen on Confederate land, but blacks obtained little land; Pres. Johnson was also against it--eventually expired

Hillary and Mandie's Part.

45. Land owners let Small Farmers liveon a piece of land and gave them food, and supplies to afarm. The Farmers grew the crops and they shared int he profit. (510)

46. The Share cropping system still leaves room for the master to continuously putting the *black* farmers in debt. (510)

47. I cant decipher her sarcasm. = mindth3gap7 (8:18:21 PM): Ok so it's disenfranchised black civil right by forcing them back into slavery. mindth3gap7 (8:18:52 PM): IT was a sharecropper system but they had no rights to the land and there for the owners created outrageous debts.

48. adoption of sir names: Mr. and Mrs.; allowance to worship ; fought to find family. Education = Freedom comes about. (497-481)

49. Ben Wade; until his impeachment was dissmissed "not guilty" and johnson was the leader again. (495)

50. good general would make a good president. His efforts to perserve the union & was well rewarded for popularity - radicals wanted more reconstruction (502)

51. with many ill-rot deeds and corruption going on in 1872, he lead a year of disgust. liberal rep. party urged purification of washington, also wanted an end to military reconstruction. he was re-elected. (502)

52. A) a scam to monopolize the railroad building industry - shared w/ congressto avoid ruin. ( 504)
B) 1874-1875 robbed treaury of millions in excise tax revenues - Grants own cabinet ( 504)
C) 1876 sec. of war William Belknap forced to resign after pocketing bribes from suppliers of indian reservations. (504)

53. capatilist expansion, too many businesses- saturated market and couldnt pay back loans or debts. many went bankrupt. ( 506)

54. Green money not specie - theory reasoned that more money ment cheaper money and easier debt payment, but it just made the prices of goods rise, and creditors would not except the depreciatd money.

55. the crditors wanted the actual value not a depreciated value. The nation does not profit from inflation. (506)

56. made the greenback money face level withits worth in gold. The creditors we paye dback the full cost of the loan, and not a depreciated value. (506)

57. Green back labor party, 14 members in congress.. made money unstable (back and forth) for a long time. (506)

58. by allowung congress to fight their battles for them.

59. A) 1867 - purchase of alaska from russia promise of furs oil and gold. it cost 7.2 mil.
B) helped work to over come the corruption of Grant Administration.

60. too many years of depression, deflation, panic of 1877- people were tired of the reconstruction. The north didnt want the southern black to come there and compete with jobs, so they wanted them to stay int he south to help it grow. They also wanted representation int he south to continue to keep a mostly northern republican gov.

61. all white companies oftent ime sfollowing boss tweeds example up north. (492)

62. KKK - the invisible empire

63. 1866 - founded mainly to scare away blacks - became violent and was a new way to slaughter and protest black rights.

64. congress was able to stamp out much of the lash law, but the clan had already achieved its goal. Many still operated under diff. guises. (497)

65. radicals became more involved with Johnson and th economic downfall. (495)

66. The inflation created an exhaustion of the money supply, so there wa slittle left to invest in reconstruction. Loans were difficult to repay and even harder to get. (506)

67. Another form of cast backlash that showed the wealthy deserving and the poor southerly destitute. (542)

68. deadlock due to the mutual feelings ont he crisis, each had a hearty following. The electorial count that allowed 15 men from each branch to decide.

69. the republicans gave loose their hold ont he south for peace.

70. a loss to civil rights advocation in the gov.

71. an econmoic downfall caused difficulty in finding variousimprovementts. Political stalemates slowed change and the soth's natural resistance.

72. democratic supreamacy, industrialization of south, ascent of redemer party; any sidestep from rep. party ment democrats got a strong hold.

73.loose political coalition of pre-war democrats, whigs, confederate vets., all were industrializing the south as well as undergoing changes brought by reconstruction.

74. 1879-1883 small multi-rcial groups led by senator mahoney, inspired by the opposition of washington.

75. largly disliekd and harrassed, continued to fight for equal leverage in gov.

76. In contrast tot he antebellum period of precivil war, the south industrialized and became part of the modern economy.

77. witht he convience of inventions brought about by industrialization and a melioration of finances, farming became ferile and abundant.

I'll post the rest tomorrow.

Monday, January 09, 2006

*NOTE* Don't copy word for word...unless you want to die a PAINFUL AGONIZING DEATH!! : )

Sam's Section
(1-12) sorry these are so long!! i forgot about the whole short-hand thing!! but you can some up these sentences!! next time i promise to make it easier and shorter!!

1. Some people in the South were still angry with the Union and refused to admit that they were wrong in seceding. Also, the Radical Republicans wanted the Southern states to go through harsher treatment in their attempt to join the Union. This idea clashed with the Presidents’ who wanted re-entry simple and quick.

2. The South was destroyed from the fighting in the Civil War. The whole southern era and age were gone and a way of life had to be created. The towns were rubble and all the fields were gone. Businesses were on lockdown because of inflation and transportation was gone. Weeds replaced cotton and there was no more slave labor. White planters were angered at the Union and didn’t know how to survive because they were so dependent on slaves.

3. Emancipation came at different times in the south so not all blacks were free at one time. Slaves were sometimes free, then put back into slavery. However, all masters eventually had to recognize their freedom. Many also did not know how to survive on their own since they never had to.

4. Most blacks believed freedom was the ultimate goal. Once freed, many requested new names and marriage formalization. Freedom also meant the right to create their own religion, churches, and schools for an education.

5. They wanted to be able to create churches, home, and schools so they could begin living as others do. They wanted a life of a normal working person, not a slave. Others want legal equality because many people refused to treat them equally. Just because they were free, didn’t mean they could live equally. If they were given this legally, people would have no choice but to treat them equally.

6. White southerners just saw this freedom as a loss if slavery. However, they eventually found ways to get their slaves back. They didn’t believe slaves were equal to themselves whatsoever. Southerners knew blacks would have difficulty finding work so they would hire them cheap and if they broke contracts, then they weren’t paid. This system was pretty much slavery all over, not freedom.

7. Many southerners wouldn’t follow the new Amendments or Emancipation. The soldiers forced southerners to release their slaves and kept them from uniting into any rebellions.

8. The bureau gave former slaves food, clothing, medical care, and schooling. This helped the newly freed slaves to get a start in life. However, the association didn’t provide land or shelter really. This became a problem because slaves needed a place to live and make a living.

9. Lincoln wanted the seceded states to re-enter quickly and easily. His 10% plan only required 10% of voters to pledge allegiance to the Union and to abide by emancipation. On the other hand, congress and republicans highly disagreed stating that the states should only enter if 50% pledged and they wanted safeguards.

10. Conservative Republicans believed the south should be let back in quickly and easily, like Lincoln. They felt the war was over and reconstruction should begin as soon as possible and it should be an easy process. To survive, the Union needed to move towards reconstruction.

11. Radicals wanted the south to go through more since they seceded the Union. They wanted the south to be reformed economically and socially like the North. They also wanted planters to be punished and blacks to be federally protected.

12. Lincoln felt that the states never really seceded because it wasn't possible.(legally) After the war, he believed the u.s. would continue more smoothly if the south wasn't punished too severely and the country once again became one union.

Answers 13 - 35

13. 10% of a state's voters of the pres. election of 1860 had to take and oath of allegiance and pledge to abide by emancipation

14. Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee

15. they wanted to keep the upper-hand in Congress since most of the former Confederates were Democrats

16. 50% of a state's voters have to take an oath of allegiance, also demanded stronger safeguards for emancipation

17. - 1864
- he "pocket-vetoed" it

18. - April 14, 1865, in Ford's Theater killed by John Wilkes Booth
- don't need to know what else happened

19. it increased their bitterness towards the South which changed some Republicans to Radical Republicanism

20. - they were not full citizens since he supported the Black Codes
- unwilling to support black citizenship

21. similar to Lincoln's plan but alsodisfranchised leading Confederates, called for special state conventions

22. they said it was only temporary

23. 1867

24. - regulate affairs of emancipated blacks
- no right to vote, serve on jury, or rent/lease land, also punished for "idleness"

25. - extensions of Freedmen's Bureau Bill and the Civil Rights Bill
- vetoed

26. gave blacks citizenship, punished states for denying blacks right to vote, denied former Confederates government positions, and Confederate debts were waved


27. - citizenship to slaves, if states deny vote to slaves their representation decreases, Confederates not get office again, debts for aid of rebellion void
- 1868
- right to vote

28. - Johnson's "swing 'round the circle"
- would determine the plan of reconstruction in the South

29. - South divided into 5 military districts, disfranchised many former Confederates
- ratify 14th Amendment

30. - 6
- ratify the 15th Amendment

31. - suffrage for blacks
- 1870

32. - to get Johnson out of office
- T. of O. Act : president must get consent of Senate before removing appointees approved by the Senate
- C. of A. Act: took power from president as Commander and Chief of the Army

33. - military tribunals couldn't try civilians in areas where civilian courts were open
- it was based on military rule, no control if couldn't try the citizens

34. - annoyed by the obstruction of him in the White House
- broke the Tenure of Office Act when dismissed Edwin Stanton without Senate approval and impeding ratification of the 14th Amendment

35. not - guilty